E-resources (overview)

Free e-journals

Free, open access (OA) periodicals
Unpaywall finds OA content in many ways, including using data from open indexes like Crossref and DOAJ where it exists. However, the majority of our OA content comes from independently monitoring over 50,000 unique online content hosting locations, including Gold OA journals, Hybrid journals, institutional repositories, and disciplinary repositories. Founded by Alex Shevchenko and Max Lytvyn in 2008, the company now covers over 200 countries with over 100 million downloads. 600.000+ users on Chrome and Firefox.

Free Dutch scientific periodicals (Open Access) (also in English)

Free books and periodicals from ANU Press

Free e-books on religion and spirituality

Free books

PDF Drive .com and
PDF  is your search engine for PDF files.  As of today we have 74,966,168 eBooks for you to download for free  (by 11-03-2024)
It is an online platform that allows bibliophiles and newcomers alike to browse or download basically any PDF book.

How to use PDF Drive and alternatives for PDF Drive

Internet Archive Scholar
Content in this search index comes in one of three forms:
– public web content as preserved in The Wayback Machine and Archive-It partner collections
– digitized print materials from paper and microform collections
– general materials from collections, including collaborations with partners

Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)
Over 40,000 free articles on, among other,  social anthropology and history of Indonesia

National Archives of Indonesia (ANRI) – “Digitheek” Archives of the VOC

Society of Biblical Literature
Books and periodicals about biblical studies free or at a reduced rate

Index Theologicus.
International Bibliography of Theology and Religious Studies (with access to free  books and articles)

The Index Theologicus (IxTheo) (University of Tübingen, Germany)
Search function books and periodicals on theology

ATLA. American Theological Library Association,
Atla is a membership association of librarians and information professionals, and a producer of research tools, committed to advancing the study of religion and theology. Atla members collaboratively create resources that are freely available for students and scholars to use.

The Library
A free, open online library aimed at providing quality resources on applied ethics, education and religious studies from all over the world. Content in the library is available in multiple languages and is harvested from more than 3,000 open access repositories. The library has been conceived to share and promote research and reflection on ethics among scholars, especially with and from the Global South, which often faces barriers to participation in the global dialogue on ethics because of a lack of access to knowledge resources. The library currently holds more than 3.6 million documents, including articles, books, reference works, dissertations, conference proceedings, case studies, and educational resources, accessible free of charge, in full text and via a multi-lingual portal.

The Jewish National and University Library – Digitized Book Repository
By subject:

E-books from Universitas Senata Dharma, Yogyakarta:

E-resources Royal Library of the Netherlands (Koninklijke Bibliotheek):
Books from 1700-1870 (i.a about the Netherlands Indies) (full text search):

Dutch Archives
Digital resources for history from Dutch archives

NARCIS. Access to open source publications by research institutes in The Netherlands
– E.g. Leiden University
Scholarly Publications Leiden University | Scholarly Publications (
– The National Library of The Netherlands
Research & find | KB, National Library of the Netherlands

Open Access Digital Theological Library
A digital library for theology, religious studies, and related disciplines. (Site currently under maintenance)

Digital Theological Library DTL
DTL is open access, but access to the content is limited to students, staff and faculty of the co-owning institutions. The DTL contains more than 300,000 electronic books and subscribes to hundreds of journals, either directly, or through one of the 60 databases. Licensed databases included collections from ProQuest, JSTOR, Project Muse, Oxford Scholarship Online, Gale and many more.
Global DTL
Accepts still members from developing nations (countries with a per capita income less than $ 15,000)

Indonesian authors and subjects

Internet Archive Scholar

SciHub with access to millions of scientific publications:
Sci-Hub is a library website that provides free access to millions of research papers and books, without regard to copyright, by bypassing publishers’ paywalls in various ways. It was founded by Alexandra Elbakyan in 2011 in Kazakhstan in response to the high cost of research papers behind paywalls. In March 2023 it contained  933,189,871 (!) papers and PDFs freely accessible for anyone to read and download.  How to use it:
1. Go to Sci-Hub
2. Type in the article’s DOI in the search field
3. The article will be downloaded for free   

or use the special Tor-only Sci-Hub link:

Library Genesis
Library Genesis has more than 3 million non-fiction books, 80 scientific papers, 3 million fiction books, and around 1 million magazines.
 LibGen has access to millions of scientific papers. We aim to free the world’s knowledge from paywalls.

Paper Panda
PaperPanda is a Chrome extension that uses some clever logic and the Panda’s detective skills to find you the research paper PDFs you need. Essentially, when you activate PaperPanda it finds the DOI of the paper from the current page, and then goes and searches for it. It starts by querying various Open Access repositories like OpenAccessButton, OaDoi, SemanticScholar, Core, ArXiV, and the Internet Archive.

Science Open:
ScienceOpen is a discovery platform with interactive features for scholars to enhance their research in the open, make an impact, and receive credit for it. We provide context building services for publishers, to bring researchers closer to the content than ever before. Our advanced search and discovery functions, combined with post-publication peer review, recommendation, social sharing, and collection-building features make ScienceOpen the only research platform you’ll ever need.

CORE’s mission is to aggregate all open access research worldwide and deliver unrestricted access for all. Search 207,255,818 research papers around the world.

Access to websites that offer free access to scientific publications. Please use a VPN or Tor to access these sites to protect your privacy.

The Wayback Machine.
Access to 544 billion web pages saved over time:

World Scholarship Forum: The best alternatives to the Wayback Machine (2022)
Network of 176 million academics and researchers who share their knowledge and papers for free

Over 135 million publications. among other on  Social Science with over 350,000 publications

Project Gutenberg – many free e-books


Wikibooks – Bahasa Indonesia

Wikibooks – Bahasa Malayu

Google Books

Many Books

Sigil e-book editor. 
Sigil is a multi-platform WYSIWYG ebook editor.
It is designed to edit books in ePub format.

BookBoon – free textbooks

AOPEN, Open Access Publishing in European Networks
The OAPEN Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation based in the Netherlands, with its registered office at the National Library in The Hague. OAPEN is dedicated to open access, peer-reviewed books.

OAPEN operates three platforms:

Digital resources in the humanities and social sciences –

Access to numerous scientific articles, a project from Elsevier:
” Scopus uniquely combines a comprehensive, expertly curated abstract and citation database with enriched data and linked scholarly literature across a wide variety of disciplines.”

SINTA, Science And Technology Index
Access to the database Scopus of Elsevier for registered lecturers of Indonesian colleges and universities.
“Sinta (Science and Technology Index), delivering access to citations and expertise in Indonesia. Web-based research information system offering fast access, easy and comprehensive to measure the performance of researchers, institutions and journals in Indonesia.
Sinta provides benchmarks and analysis, identification of research strength of each institution to develop collaborative partnerships, to analyze the trend of research and expert directories.”
Zoeksysteem is via Google Scholar.

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